Skip to main content


Credits: Şinasi Müldür
Capital: Ankara
Population: 83,614,362
Language(s): Turkish
Currency: Turkish lira (TL/TRY)
Discover more

Learn how to participate in national and European Parliament elections while studying abroad as a citizen from Turkey. Check out the table below for document requirements, registration procedures, and useful links.

  • Voting is not mandatory
  • Minimum age required to vote: 18

How can I vote from abroad?

by proxy

This voting mode is not available.


This voting mode is not available.

by post

This voting mode is not available.

from the embassy

This voting mode is available.

  • Upfront registration required
  • Required documents:
    • Valid Turkish passport or another government-issued identification document
    • Voter Registration Confirmation
  • Digital request allowed

European Parliament elections

Turkey is not a member of the European Union (EU), and therefore, Turkish citizens do not participate in the European Parliament elections.

  • No upfront registration required

Cost of living

a room in a 3 bedrooms shared flat in the city centre 1384TL/month
a meal 35TL
a cappuccino 15.53TL

These are average costs of living for Turkey. Costs can differ accross cities and locations. For more details, you can check numbeo website.


Rank Value
Rainbow Index 48 3.83

Rainbow Europe, 2021.

Check out Turkey profile on

Rainbow Europe

Rainbow Europe by ILGA-Europe illustrates the legal and policy situation of LGBTI people in Europe. It ranks all 49 European countries on a scale between 0% (gross violations of human rights, discrimination) and 100% (respect of human rights, full equality), on the basis of laws and policies that have a direct impact on the LGBTI people’s human rights in under 6 categories: equality and non-discrimination; family; hate crime and hate speech; legal gender recognition and bodily integrity; civil society space; and asylum.


The is the European platform about inclusion and support services offered by higher education institutions, national agencies, and ministries for education to international students. In its current version, the platform aims to provide to students with disabilities all the information they need to study abroad.

Quality of life

Rank Value
Human Development Index 54 0.820
World Press Freedom Index 153 49.79

HDI, 2019.
WPFI, 2021.

Human Development Index

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a statistic composite index of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development. A country scores a higher HDI when the lifespan is higher, the education level is higher, and the gross national income GNI (PPP) per capita is higher.

World Press Freedom Index

The World Press Freedom Index is an important advocacy tool based on the principle of emulation between states, published every year by Reporters Without Borders. It is a snapshot of the media freedom situation based on an evaluation of pluralism, independence of the media, quality of legislative framework and safety of journalists in each country.

ESN sections supporting international students

  • ESN Anadolu
  • ESN Ankara University
  • ESN Arel
  • ESN Bahcesehir
  • ESN Bilkent
  • ESN Bogazici
  • ESN Cerrahpasa
  • ESN Cukurova
  • ESN Dokuz Eylul University
  • ESN Ege University
  • ESN Existanbul
  • ESN Gazi
  • ESN Kadir Has
  • ESN MU
  • ESN Marmara
  • ESN Okan
  • ESN Samsun
  • ESN Selcuk
  • ESN Trabzon
  • ESN Yasar
  • ESN Yeditepe

Higher education institutions

  • University of Cukurova (Adana)
  • Adana Alparslan Turkes Bilim ve Teknoloji Universitesi (Adana)
  • Adiyaman University (Adiyaman)
  • Afyon Kocatepe Universitesi (Afyonkarahisar)
  • Afyonkarahisar Saglik Bilimleri Universitesi (Afyonkarahisar)
  • Agri Ibrahim Cecen University (Agri)
  • Aksaray Universitesi (Aksaray)
  • Amasya Universitesi (Amasya)
  • Ankara Universitesi (Tandogan Ankara)
  • Gazi Universitesi (Ankara)
  • Middle East Technical University (Ankara)
  • Atilim Universitesi (Ankara)
  • Baskent Universitesi Vakfi (Ankara)
  • Cankaya Universitesi Vakfi (Ankara)
  • Tobb Ekonomi ve Teknoloji Universitesi (Ankara)
  • Polis Akademisi (Ankara)
  • Ankara Yildirim Beyazit Universitesi (Ankara)
  • Turk Hava Kurumu Universitesi Vakif (Ankara)
  • Ufuk University (Ankara)
  • Jandarma ve Sahil Guvenlik Akademisi Baskanligi (Ankara)
  • Ankara Sosyal Bilimler Universitesi (Ankara)
  • Ankara Haci Bayram Veli Universitesi (Ankara)
  • Ankara Music and Fine Arts University (Ankara)
  • Ostim Technical University / Ostim Teknik Universitesi (Ankara)
  • Lokman Hekim Üniversitesi (Ankara)
  • Ankara Medipol Üniversitesi (Ankara)
  • Ankara Science University (Ankara)
  • Yuksek Ihtisas University (Ankara)
  • Hacettepe Universitesi (Cankaya Ankara)
  • Ted Universitesi (Cankaya Ankara)
  • Bilkent Universitesi Vakif (Bilkent Ankara)
  • Akdeniz University (Antalya)
  • Antalya Bilim Universitesi (Antalya)
  • Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University (Antalya)
  • Alanya Hamdullah Emin Pasa Universitesi (Alanya)
  • Ardahan University (Ardahan)
  • Artvin Coruh University (Artvin)
  • Aydin Adnan Menderes Universitesi (Aydin)
  • Balıkesir University (Balikesir)
  • Bandirma Onyedi Eylul University (Bandirma, Balikesir)
  • Bartin Universitesi (Bartin)
  • Bayburt University (Bayburt)
  • Bilecik Universitesi (Bilecik)
  • Bingöl Üniversitesi (Bingöl)
  • Bitlis Eren Üniversitesi (Bi̇tli̇s)
  • Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal Universitesi (Merkez)
  • Burdur Mehmet Akif Ersoy University (Burdur)
  • Bursa Uludag Universitesi (Bursa)
  • Bursa Teknik Universitesi (Bursa)
  • Faruk Sarac Vocational School of Design (Bursa)
  • Canakkale Onsekiz Mart Universitesi (Canakkale)
  • Cankiri Karatekin University (Cankiri)
  • Hitit Üniversitesi (Çorum)
  • Pamukkale Universitesi (Denizli)
  • Dicle Üniversitesi (Diyarbakır)
  • Düzce University (Düzce)
  • Trakya Universitesi (Edirne)
  • Firat Universitesi (Elazig)
  • Erzincan Binali Yildirim University (Erzincan)
  • Erzincan Binali Yildirim University (Erzincan)
  • Ataturk University (Erzurum)
  • Erzurum Technical University (Erzurum)
  • Anadolu University (Eskisehir)
  • Eskisehir Osmangazi Universitesi (Eskisehir)
  • Eskisehir Teknik Universitesi (Eskisehir)
  • Gaziantep Universitesi (Gaziantep)
  • Hasan Kalyoncu Universitesi (Gaziantep)
  • Sanko Üniversitesi (Gaziantep)
  • Gaziantep Islam Science and Technology University (Gaziantep)
  • T. C. Giresun Üniversitesi (Giresun)
  • Gumushane University (Gumushane)
  • Hakkari Universitesi (Hakkari)
  • Mustafa Kemal University (Antakya Hatay)
  • Iskenderun Technical University (İskenderun)
  • Igdir University (Igdir)
  • Suleyman Demirel University (Isparta)
  • Isparta Uygulamali Bilimler Universitesi (Isparta)
  • Bogazici Universitesi (İstanbul)
  • Galatasaray University (İstanbul)
  • Istanbul Universitesi (İstanbul)
  • Marmara University (İstanbul)
  • Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University (İstanbul)
  • Yildiz Technical University (İstanbul)
  • Bahcesehir Universitesi (İstanbul)
  • T. C Beykent Universitesi (İstanbul)
  • Istanbul Ticaret Universitesi (İstanbul)
  • Dogus University (İstanbul)
  • Halic University (İstanbul)
  • Kadir Has Universitesi (İstanbul)
  • Koc University (İstanbul)
  • Istanbul Kultur University (İstanbul)
  • Sabanci Universitesi (İstanbul)
  • Yeditepe University Vakif (İstanbul)
  • Istanbul Okan Universitesi (İstanbul)
  • Demiroglu Bilim University (İstanbul)
  • Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University (İstanbul)
  • Istanbul Arel Universitesi (İstanbul)
  • Istanbul Gelisim Universitesi (İstanbul)
  • Istanbul Medipol Universitesi (İstanbul)
  • Altinbas Universitesi (İstanbul)
  • Fatih Sultan Mehmet Vakif University (İstanbul)
  • Bezmialem Vakif University (İstanbul)
  • Istanbul Sabahattin Zaim University (İstanbul)
  • Gedik University (İstanbul)
  • Istanbul 29 Mayis Universitesi (İstanbul)
  • Istanbul Sisli Meslek Yuksekokulu (İstanbul)
  • Nisantasi Universitesi (İstanbul)
  • Üsküdar University (İstanbul)
  • Mef Universitesi (İstanbul)
  • Istanbul Esenyurt University (İstanbul)
  • Atasehir Adiguzel Meslek Yuksekokulu (İstanbul)
  • Biruni Üniversitesi (İstanbul)
  • Beykoz Üniversitesi (İstanbul)
  • Istanbul Topkapi Universitesi (İstanbul)
  • University of Health Sciences (İstanbul)
  • Istinye University (İstanbul)
  • Istanbul Rumeli Universitesi (İstanbul)
  • Milli Savunma Universitesi (İstanbul)
  • Istanbul Universitesi - Cerrahpasa (İstanbul)
  • Istanbul Kent University (İstanbul)
  • Ibn Haldun University (İstanbul)
  • T. C. Piri Reis Universitesi (İstanbul)
  • Istanbul Atlas Universitesi (İstanbul)
  • Fenerbahce University (İstanbul)
  • Istanbul Galata University (İstanbul)
  • Istanbul Health and Technology University (İstanbul)
  • Istanbul Teknik Universitesi (Maslak Istanbul)
  • Istanbul Bilgi Universitesi (Eyup Istanbul)
  • Isik University (Sile Istanbul)
  • Maltepe Universitesi (Maltepe Istanbul)
  • Istanbul Aydin Universitesi Vakfi (Kucukcekmece Istanbul)
  • Ozyegin Universitesi (Alemdag Cekmekoy Istanbul)
  • Istanbul Yeni Yuzyil University (Zeytinburnu)
  • Istanbul Medeniyet University (Kadikoy Istanbul)
  • Turkish-German University (Beykoz Istambul)
  • Dokuz Eylul Universitesi (Alsancak Izmir)
  • Ege University (Izmir)
  • Izmir Institute of Technology (Izmir)
  • Izmir Ekonomi Universitesi (Izmir)
  • Yasar Universitesi (Izmir)
  • Izmir Katip Celebi Universitesi (Izmir)
  • Izmir Demokrasi Unversitesi (Izmir)
  • Izmir Bakircay Universitesi (Izmir)
  • Izmir Kavram Meslek Yuksekokulu (Izmir)
  • Izmir Ekonomi Universitesi (Izmir)
  • Izmir Tinaztepe Universitesi (Izmir)
  • Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam Universitesi (Kahramanmaras)
  • Kahramanmaras Istiklal University (Kahramanmaras)
  • Karabuk University (Karabük)
  • Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University (Karaman)
  • Kafkas Universitesi (Kars)
  • Kastamonu Universitesi (Kastamonu)
  • Erciyes Universitesi (Kayseri)
  • Nuh Naci Yazgan University (Kayseri)
  • Abdullah Gul University (Kayseri)
  • Kayseri University (Kayseri)
  • Kilis 7 Aralik Universitesi (Kilis)
  • Kirikkale University (Kırıkkale)
  • Kirklareli Universitesi (Kirklareli)
  • Kirsehir Ahi Evran Universitesi (Kirsehir)
  • Gebze Teknik Universitesi (Kocaeli)
  • Kocaeli Universitesi (Izmit Kocaeli)
  • Selcuk Universitesi (Selcuklu Konya)
  • Kto Karatay University (Konya)
  • Necmettin Erbakan Universitesi (Konya)
  • Konya Teknik Universitesi (Konya)
  • Konya Gida ve Tarim Universitesi (Konya)
  • Kutahya Dumlupinar Universitesi (Kutahya)
  • Kutahya Saglik Bilimleri Universitesi (Kütahya-Merkez)
  • Inonu Universitesi (Malatya)
  • Malatya Turgut Ozal Universitesi (Malatya)
  • Manisa Celal Bayar University (Manisa)
  • Mardin Artuklu Universitesi (Mardin)
  • Mersin Universitesi (Mersin)
  • Toros University (Mersin)
  • Tarsus Üniversitesi (Mersin)
  • Cag University (Icel)
  • Mugla Sitki Kocman University (Mugla)
  • Mus Alparslan Universitesi (Mus)
  • Nevsehir Haci Bektas Veli University (Nevşehir)
  • Kapadokya Universitesi (Nevşehir)
  • Nigde Omer Halisdemir University (Nigde)
  • Ordu Üniversitesi (Ordu)
  • Osmaniye Korkut Ata University (Osmaniye)
  • Recep Tayyip Erdogan Universitesi (Rize)
  • Sakarya Universitesi (Sakarya)
  • Sakarya Uygulamali Bilimler Universitesi (Serdivan)
  • Ondokuz Mayis Universitesi (Samsun)
  • Samsun Universitesi (Samsun)
  • Harran Universitesi (Sanliurfa)
  • Sinop Universitesi (Sinop)
  • Sirnak University (Şırnak)
  • Sivas Cumhuriyet Universitesi (Sivas)
  • Sivas Bilim ve Teknoloji Üniversitesi (Sivas)
  • Tekirdag Namik Kemal Universitesi (Tekirdağ)
  • Tokat Gaziosmanpasa Universitesi (Tokat)
  • Karadeniz Teknik Universitesi (Trabzon)
  • Avrasya Üniversitesi (Trabzon)
  • Trabzon University (Trabzon)
  • Munzur Üniversitesi (Tunceli)
  • University of Usak (Usak)
  • Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi (Van)
  • Yalova University (Yalova)
  • Yozgat Bozok Universitesi (Yozgat)
  • Zonguldak Bulent Ecevit University (Zonguldak)
  • Batman Universitesi (Batman)
  • Siirt Universitesi (Siirt)
  • Avrupa Meslek Yuksekokulu (Istanbul)

Mobility opportunities

Latest activities

16/03/2024 - 16/03/2024
by ESN Salamanca

15/03/2024 - 15/03/2024
by ESN Salamanca

16/03/2024 - 16/03/2024