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België Belgique Belgien
Credits: Paul Deetman
Capital: Brussels
Population: 11,492,641
Language(s): DutchFrenchGerman
Currency: Euro (€/EUR)
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Learn how to participate in national and European Parliament elections while studying abroad as a citizen from Belgium. Check out the table below for document requirements, registration procedures, and useful links.

  • Voting is mandatory
  • Minimum age required to vote: 16

How can I vote from abroad?

by proxy

This voting mode is available.

  • Upfront registration required
  • Required documents:

    For being able to appoint a proxy voter, Belgian citizens have to register in advance, and the form can be found on the official website of the Federal Public Service of the Kingdom of Belgium. When requesting vote by proxy, the voter has to take into account the following regulations: the proxy cannot have already accepted the proxy of another voter, the proxy needs to have a Belgian nationality, the proxy must agree; the proxy has to have an extract of the power of attorney as an annex to his own invitation - power of attorney form. 

    More info at this link.

  • Digital request allowed


This voting mode is not available.

by post

This voting mode is available.

  • Upfront registration required
  • Required documents:

    After registering for voting by post/mail, the Belgian national who lives abroad recieves - at the address indicated on the registration form - an electoral envelope including a ballot paper, a return envelope, an identification form and an explanatory note. The documents are sent from Belgium no earlier than 24 days before the election and must reach Belgium no later than the day of the eleciton, before the polling stations close.

    More info at this link.

  • Digital request allowed

from the embassy

This voting mode is available.

  • Upfront registration required
  • Required documents:
    • approved application form for voting in embassy/consulate

    proof of identity (Belgian ID or a passport)

    More info at this link.

  • Digital request allowed

European Parliament elections

Belgian citizens living in another EU member state or in a third country and who are registered at the consular post in their country of residence have the obligation to vote. Belgian citizens eligible to vote and who reside abroad must choose a voting method in advance: voting in person or by proxy in a polling station in Belgium, or in a consular post in their country of residence, or by mail. 

  • Upfront registration required
  • Registration deadline:
  • Minimum age required to vote in the EU elections: 16

Cost of living

a room in a 3 bedrooms shared flat in the city centre 389€/month
a meal 15€
a cappuccino 2.88€

These are average costs of living for Belgium. Costs can differ accross cities and locations. For more details, you can check numbeo website.


Rank Value
Rainbow Index 2 74.24

Rainbow Europe, 2021.

Check out Belgium profile on

Rainbow Europe

Rainbow Europe by ILGA-Europe illustrates the legal and policy situation of LGBTI people in Europe. It ranks all 49 European countries on a scale between 0% (gross violations of human rights, discrimination) and 100% (respect of human rights, full equality), on the basis of laws and policies that have a direct impact on the LGBTI people’s human rights in under 6 categories: equality and non-discrimination; family; hate crime and hate speech; legal gender recognition and bodily integrity; civil society space; and asylum.


The is the European platform about inclusion and support services offered by higher education institutions, national agencies, and ministries for education to international students. In its current version, the platform aims to provide to students with disabilities all the information they need to study abroad.

Quality of life

Rank Value
Human Development Index 14 0.931
World Press Freedom Index 11 11.69

HDI, 2019.
WPFI, 2021.

Human Development Index

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a statistic composite index of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development. A country scores a higher HDI when the lifespan is higher, the education level is higher, and the gross national income GNI (PPP) per capita is higher.

World Press Freedom Index

The World Press Freedom Index is an important advocacy tool based on the principle of emulation between states, published every year by Reporters Without Borders. It is a snapshot of the media freedom situation based on an evaluation of pluralism, independence of the media, quality of legislative framework and safety of journalists in each country.

ESN sections supporting international students

  • ESN Antwerp
  • ESN Geel
  • ESN Gent
  • ESN HEC Liege
  • ESN Hasselt
  • ESN ICHEC ECAM Brussels
  • ESN KULBrussels
  • ESN Leonardo Kortrijk
  • ESN Leuven
  • ESN Louvain-la-Neuve
  • ESN Mechelen
  • ESN Mons
  • ESN Saint-Louis Brussels
  • ESN ULB Brussels
  • ESN ULiège
  • ESN VUB EhB Brussels

Higher education institutions

  • Universiteit Antwerpen (Antwerpen | Antwerp)
  • Karel de Grote Hogeschool Katholieke Hogeschool Antwerpen (Antwerpen | Antwerp)
  • Hogere Zeevaartschool (Antwerpen | Antwerp)
  • Artesis Plantijn Hogeschool Antwerpen (Antwerpen | Antwerp)
  • Prins Leopold Instituut voor Tropische Geneeskunde (Antwerpen | Antwerp)
  • Haute Ecole Robert Schuman (Libramont)
  • Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Luca School of Arts (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Erasmushogeschool Brussel (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Vesalius College (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Odisee (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Ecole Royale Militaire - Koninklijke Militaire School (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Universite Saint-Louis-Bruxelles Asbl (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Universite Libre de Bruxelles (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Academie Royale des Beaux-Arts de Bruxelles Ecole Superieure des Arts (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Conservatoire Royal de Bruxelles (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Iepscf-Uccle (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Arts Visuels de la Cambre (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes Commerciales (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Haute Ecole Francisco Ferrer (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Haute Ecole Galilee (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Haute Ecole Libre de Bruxelles - Ilya Prigogine (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Haute Ecole Léonard de Vinci (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Haute Ecole Lucia de Brouckère (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Ecole Superieure des Arts Saint-Luc de Bruxelles (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Institut Supérieur de Promotion Sociale Libre de Bruxelles - Ilya Prigogine (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Institut National Supérieur des Arts du Spectacle et des Techniques de Diffusion (Insas) (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Centre de Formation pour les Secteurs Infirmier et de Santé de l'Acn - Asbl (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Haute Ecole Bruxelles-Brabant (He2B) (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Ecole Supérieure des Arts du Cirque (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Performing Arts Research and Training Studios Asbl Parts (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Haute Ecole Ichec - Ecam - Isfsc (Bruxelles | Brussel | Brussels)
  • Ecole Supérieure des Arts de l'Image le 75 (Woluwe-Saint-Lambert)
  • Ecole de Recherche Graphique - Ecole Supérieure des Arts (Saint-Gilles)
  • Institut Supérieur de Formation Continue d'Etterbeek (Etterbeek)
  • Faculty For Protestant Theology and Religious Studies (Fptr) (Etterbeek)
  • Universiteit Hasselt (Hasselt)
  • Hogeschool Pxl (Hasselt)
  • Katholieke Hogeschool Vives Noord (Kortrijk)
  • Katholieke Hogeschool Vives Zuid (Kortrijk)
  • Hogeschool West-Vlaanderen Howest (Kortrijk)
  • Autonome Hochschule in der Deutschsprachigen Gemeinschaft (Eupen)
  • Autonome Hochschule Ostbelgien (Eupen)
  • Thomas More Kempen Vzw (Geel)
  • Universiteit Gent (Gent | Ghent)
  • Hogeschool Gent (Gent | Ghent)
  • Arteveldehogeschool (Gent | Ghent)
  • Orpheus Instituut Vzw (Gent | Ghent)
  • Uc Limburg (Diepenbeek)
  • Evangelische Theologische Faculteit (Leuven)
  • Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Leuven)
  • Uc Leuven (Heverlee)
  • Universite de Liege (Liège)
  • Conservatoire Royal de Liège (Liège)
  • Esa Saint-Luc Liège (Liège)
  • Haute Ecole Libre Mosane (Liège)
  • Haute Ecole de la Ville de Liege (Liège)
  • Haute Ecole Charlemagne He Ch (Liège)
  • Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts de Liege - Ecole Supérieure des Arts de la Ville de Liège (Liège)
  • Haute École de la Province de Liège (Seraing)
  • Universite Catholique de Louvain (Louvain-la-Neuve)
  • Institut des Arts de Diffusion (Louvain-la-Neuve)
  • Thomas More Mechelen-Antwerpen (Mechelen)
  • Haute Ecole en Hainaut (Mons)
  • Universite de Mons (Mons)
  • Haute Ecole Louvain en Hainaut - Helha (Mons)
  • Haute Ecole Provinciale de Hainaut - Condorcet (Mons)
  • Arts2 Mons (Mons)
  • Iepscf Jemappes (Jemappes)
  • Institut d'Enseignement de Promotion Sociale de la Communauté Française Frameries (Frameries)
  • Universite de Namur Asbl (Namur)
  • Haute Ecole de la Communauté Française Albert Jacquard (Namur)
  • Imep (Namur)
  • Haute Ecole de la Province de Namur (Namur)
  • Haute Ecole de Namur-Liege-Luxembourg (Namur)
  • Académie des Beaux-Arts de Tournai (Tournai)
  • Ecole Superieure des Arts Saint-Luc de Tournai (Ramegnies-Chin)
  • European University Foundation - Brussels office (Bruxelles / Brussel / Brussels)
  • Haute Ecole Ichec - Ecam - Isfsc (Bruxelles / Brussel / Brussels)
  • Von Karman Institute For Fluid Dynamics (Sint-Genesius-Rode)
  • Institut Provincial des Arts et Métiers du Centre (La Louvière)

Mobility opportunities

Latest activities

31/03/2024 - 31/03/2024

31/05/2024 - 31/05/2024