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Credits: Kristaps Ungurs
Capital: Riga
Population: 1,907,675
Language(s): Latvian
Currency: Euro (€/EUR)
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Learn how to participate in national and European Parliament elections while studying abroad as a citizen from Latvia. Check out the table below for document requirements, registration procedures, and useful links.

  • Voting is not mandatory
  • Minimum age required to vote: 18

How can I vote from abroad?

by proxy

This voting mode is not available.


This voting mode is not available.

by post

This voting mode is available.

  • Upfront registration required
  • Required documents:

    The application form must be submitted by mail or in person at the Latvian represenation abroad, and the signature of the voter must be on the application. The information requested is first name, last name, personal identity number, e-mail address or official e-mail address. Following the approval, voter recieves the ballot paper online, which has to be printed out and completed. When mailing the ballot paper, designated envelope has to contain the voter's handwritten confirmation of voting in person. The sealed envelope containing ballot paper must be sent by mail to the polling station commission indicated in the voting materials.

    More info at this link.

  • Digital request allowed

from the embassy

This voting mode is available.

  • Upfront registration required
  • Required documents:

    If the voter has registered residence abroad, it is automatically included in the common list of voters abroad. If the voter is abroad without registered residence oustide Latvia, it has to submit an electronic request for the change of the polling station or in-person request in one of Latvia's diplomatic or consular missions abroad; on the election day, the voter must present a proof of identity (valid ID card or a passport). 

    More info at this link.

  • Digital request allowed

European Parliament elections

Latvian citizens staying in foreing countries may participate in the elections by voting by post or in person at designated polling stations. Prior registration for voters that have chosen to vote in person at polling stations abroad is not needed, but for those voters that want to vote by post must make an electronic application between the 35th and 8th day before election day. The postal ballot must be received by the polling station commission before the counting of the votes starts. 

  • No upfront registration required
  • Registration deadline:
  • Minimum age required to vote in the EU elections: 18

Cost of living

a room in a 3 bedrooms shared flat in the city centre 194€/month
a meal 7.25€
a cappuccino 2.33€

These are average costs of living for Latvia. Costs can differ accross cities and locations. For more details, you can check numbeo website.


Rank Value
Rainbow Index 41 17.48

Rainbow Europe, 2021.

Check out Latvia profile on

Rainbow Europe

Rainbow Europe by ILGA-Europe illustrates the legal and policy situation of LGBTI people in Europe. It ranks all 49 European countries on a scale between 0% (gross violations of human rights, discrimination) and 100% (respect of human rights, full equality), on the basis of laws and policies that have a direct impact on the LGBTI people’s human rights in under 6 categories: equality and non-discrimination; family; hate crime and hate speech; legal gender recognition and bodily integrity; civil society space; and asylum.


The is the European platform about inclusion and support services offered by higher education institutions, national agencies, and ministries for education to international students. In its current version, the platform aims to provide to students with disabilities all the information they need to study abroad.

Quality of life

Rank Value
Human Development Index 37 0.866
World Press Freedom Index 22 19.26

HDI, 2019.
WPFI, 2021.

Human Development Index

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a statistic composite index of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development. A country scores a higher HDI when the lifespan is higher, the education level is higher, and the gross national income GNI (PPP) per capita is higher.

World Press Freedom Index

The World Press Freedom Index is an important advocacy tool based on the principle of emulation between states, published every year by Reporters Without Borders. It is a snapshot of the media freedom situation based on an evaluation of pluralism, independence of the media, quality of legislative framework and safety of journalists in each country.

ESN sections supporting international students

  • ESN Jelgava
  • ESN Riga
  • ESN Valmiera

Higher education institutions

  • Daugavpils Universitate (Daugavpils)
  • Du Agency "Du Daugavpils Medicinas Koledza" (Daugavpils)
  • Jekabpils Agrobiznesa Koledza (Jekabpils)
  • Latvijas Biozinatnu un Tehnologiju Universitate (Jelgava)
  • Eiropas Kristiga Akademija (Jūrmala)
  • P. Stradins Medical College of the University of Latvia (Jūrmala)
  • Liepajas Universitate (Liepāja)
  • Liepajas Jurniecibas Koledza (Liepāja)
  • Malnavas Koledza (Malnava Malnavas Pagasts Kārsavas Novads)
  • Malnavas Koledza (Malnava Malnavas Pagasts Kārsavas Novads)
  • Rigas Tehniskas Universitates Olaines Tehnologiju Koledza (Olaine)
  • Rezeknes Tehnologiju Akademija (Rēzekne)
  • State Border Guard College (Rēzekne)
  • Latvijas Universitate (Rīga)
  • Rigas Tehniska Universitate (Rīga)
  • Rigas Stradina Universitate (Rīga)
  • Latvijas Makslas Akademija (Rīga)
  • Jazepa Vitola Latvijas Muzikas Akademija (Rīga)
  • Latvijas Sporta Pedagogijas Akademijas (Rīga)
  • Latvijas Kulturas Akademija (Rīga)
  • Sia Biznesa Augstskola Turiba (Rīga)
  • Latvijas Juras Akademija (Rīga)
  • Banku Augstskola (Rīga)
  • Stockholm School of Economics in Riga Sia (Rīga)
  • Baltijas Starptautiska Akademija (Rīga)
  • Biznesa Makslas un Technologiju Augstskola Riseba (Rīga)
  • Akciju Sabiedriba Transporta un Sakaru Instituts (Rīga)
  • Informacijas Sistemu Menedzmenta Augstskola Sia (Rīga)
  • Ekonomikas un Kulturas Augstskola (Rīga)
  • Rigas Juridiska Augstskola Sia (Rīga)
  • Rigas Celtniecibas Koledza (Rīga)
  • Latvijas Kulturas Akademijas Agentura Latvijas Kulturas Akademijas Latvijas Kulturas Koledza (Rīga)
  • Latvijas Universitates Rigas 1. Medicinas Koledza (Rīga)
  • Gramatvedibas un Finasu Koledza (Rīga)
  • Profesionalas Izglitibas Kompetences Centrs "Rigas Tehniska Koledza" (Rīga)
  • Alberta Koledza (Rīga)
  • Rigas Stradina Universitates Sarkana Krusta Medicinas Koledza (Rīga)
  • Riga Higher Institute of Religious Sciences Affiliated To the Pontifical Lateran University (Rīga)
  • Juridiska Koledza (Rīga)
  • Rigas Aeronavigacijas Instituts (Rīga)
  • Valsts Policijas Koledza (Rīga)
  • Starptautiska Kosmetologijas Koledza (Rīga)
  • Sia Novikontas Juras Koledza (Rīga)
  • National Defence Academy of Latvia (Rīga)
  • Collegue of Business Administration (Rīga)
  • Latvijas Universitates Rigas Medicinas Koledza (Rīga)
  • Sia "Hotel School" Viesnicu Biznesa Koledza (Rīga)
  • Vidzemes Augstskola (Valmiera)
  • Ventspils Augstskola (Ventspils)
  • Rigas Pedagogijas un Izglitibas Vadibas Akademija (Riga)
  • Foundation "Christian Leadership College" (Riga)

Mobility opportunities

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