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Credits: Pixabay
Capital: Bucharest
Population: 19,317,984
Language(s): Romanian
Currency: Romanian leu (RON/RON)
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Learn how to participate in national and European Parliament elections while studying abroad as a citizen from Romania. Check out the table below for document requirements, registration procedures, and useful links.

  • Voting is not mandatory
  • Minimum age required to vote: 18

How can I vote from abroad?

by proxy

This voting mode is not available.


This voting mode is not available.

by post

This voting mode is available.

  • Upfront registration required
  • Required documents:
    • filled out registration as a postal voter 
    • a valid Romanian passport or identity card. 

    Once the request for postal voting is approved, the voter receives a ballot paper which needs to be signed before mailing. This signature is required to verify voters' identity and to ensure that the vote is counted.

    More info at this link.

  • Digital request allowed

from the embassy

This voting mode is available.

  • Upfront registration required
  • Required documents:
    • Valid passport or identity card

    More info at this link.

  • Digital request allowed

European Parliament elections

Romanian citizens residing abroad can vote in person at any polling station organized abroad, if they have the right to vote. They have to register in supplementary electoral lists, and besides the diplomatic missions and consular offices of Romania, one or more polling stations may also be organized, includin in localities other than those in which the diploatic missions or consular posts are located.

  • Upfront registration required
  • Registration deadline:
  • Minimum age required to vote in the EU elections: 18

Cost of living

a room in a 3 bedrooms shared flat in the city centre 828RON/month
a meal 25RON
a cappuccino 7.54RON

These are average costs of living for Romania. Costs can differ accross cities and locations. For more details, you can check numbeo website.


Rank Value
Rainbow Index 38 19.17

Rainbow Europe, 2021.

Check out Romania profile on

Rainbow Europe

Rainbow Europe by ILGA-Europe illustrates the legal and policy situation of LGBTI people in Europe. It ranks all 49 European countries on a scale between 0% (gross violations of human rights, discrimination) and 100% (respect of human rights, full equality), on the basis of laws and policies that have a direct impact on the LGBTI people’s human rights in under 6 categories: equality and non-discrimination; family; hate crime and hate speech; legal gender recognition and bodily integrity; civil society space; and asylum.


The is the European platform about inclusion and support services offered by higher education institutions, national agencies, and ministries for education to international students. In its current version, the platform aims to provide to students with disabilities all the information they need to study abroad.

Quality of life

Rank Value
Human Development Index 49 0.828
World Press Freedom Index 48 24.91

HDI, 2019.
WPFI, 2021.

Human Development Index

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a statistic composite index of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development. A country scores a higher HDI when the lifespan is higher, the education level is higher, and the gross national income GNI (PPP) per capita is higher.

World Press Freedom Index

The World Press Freedom Index is an important advocacy tool based on the principle of emulation between states, published every year by Reporters Without Borders. It is a snapshot of the media freedom situation based on an evaluation of pluralism, independence of the media, quality of legislative framework and safety of journalists in each country.

ESN sections supporting international students

  • ESN ASE-CMP Bucharest
  • ESN Brasov
  • ESN Cluj-Napoca
  • ESN Constanta
  • ESN Craiova
  • ESN Iasi
  • ESN Piteşti
  • ESN Poli
  • ESN Sibiu
  • ESN Suceava
  • ESN Targu Mures
  • ESN Timisoara
  • ESN UniBucharest

Higher education institutions

  • Universitatea 1 Decembrie 1918 (Alba Iulia)
  • Universitatea Aurel Vlaicu din Arad (Arad)
  • Universitatea de Vest Vasile Goldis din Arad (Arad)
  • Universitatea Vasile Alecsandri din Bacau (Bacau)
  • George Bacovia University (Bacau)
  • Universitatea Transilvania din Brasov (Brasov)
  • Academia Fortelor Aeriene Henri Coanda (Brasov)
  • Academia Tehnica Militara "Ferdinand I" (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Universitatea Nationala de Muzica Bucuresti (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Academia de Studii Economice din Bucuresti (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Universitatea Nationala de Educatie Fizica si Sport din Bucuresti (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Universitatea de Architectura si Urbanism Ion Mincu din Bucuresti (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Universitatea Tehnica de Constructii Bucuresti (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Universitatea din Bucuresti (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Universitatea de Medicina si Farmacie Carol Davila din Bucuresti (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Universitatea Politehnica din Bucuresti (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Universitatea de Stiinte Agronomice si Medicina Veterinara din Bucuresti (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Scoala Nationala de Studii Politice si Administrative (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Academia de Politie Alexandru Ioan Cuza (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Universitatea Titu Maiorescu (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Nicolae Titulescu University of Bucharest (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Universitatea Romano Americana Asociatie (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Universitatea Spiru Haret (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Universitatea Ecologica din Bucuresti (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Universitatea "Athenaeum" din Bucuresti (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Universitatea Nationala de Arte (U. N. A.) (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Universitatea Crestina Dimitrie Cantemir (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Universitatea Nationala de Aparare Carol i (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Universitatea Nationala de Arta Teatrala si Cinematografica Ion Luca Caragiale din Bucuresti (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Academia Nationala de Informatii Mihai Viteazul (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Universitatea Hyperion (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Bioterra University of Bucharest (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • "Artifex" University of Bucharest (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Institutul Teologic Baptist din Bucuresti (Bucureşti | Bucharest)
  • Universitatea Adventus din Cernica (Cernica)
  • Universitatea Babes Bolyai (Cluj-Napoca)
  • Academia Nationala de Muzica Gheorghe Dima (Cluj-Napoca)
  • Universitatea de Medicina si Farmacie Iuliu Hatieganu Cluj-Napoca (Cluj-Napoca)
  • Universitatea de Stiinte Agricole si Medicina Veterinara Cluj Napoca (Cluj-Napoca)
  • Universitatea Tehnica Cluj-Napoca (Cluj-Napoca)
  • Universitatea de Arta si Design Dincluj-Napoca (Cluj-Napoca)
  • Universitatea Sapientia din Municipiul Cluj-Napoca (Cluj-Napoca)
  • Protestant Theological Institute of Cluj-Napoca (Cluj-Napoca)
  • Academia Navala Mircea Cel Batran (Constanta)
  • Universitatea Ovidius din Constanta (Constanta)
  • Universitatea Maritima din Constanta (Constanta)
  • Andrei Saguna University of Constanta (Constanta)
  • Universitatea din Craiova (Craiova)
  • Universitatea de Medicina si Farmacie din Craiova (Craiova)
  • Universitatea Dunarea de Jos din Galati (Galati)
  • Universitatea Danubius din Galati (Galati)
  • Universitatea Nationala de Arte George Enescu din Iasi (Iasi)
  • Universitatea Alexandru Ioan Cuza din Iasi (Iasi)
  • Universitatea Pentru Stiintele Vietii "Ion Ionescu de la Brad" din Iasi (Iasi)
  • Universitatea de Medicina si Farmacie Grigore T Popa din Iasi (Iasi)
  • Universitatea Tehnica Gheorghe Asachi din Iasi (Iasi)
  • Universitatea "Apollonia" din Iasi (Iasi)
  • Universitatea din Oradea (Oradea)
  • Universitatea Crestina Partium (Oradea)
  • Universitatea Agora (Oradea)
  • Universitatea din Petrosani (Petrosani)
  • Universitatea Constantin Brancoveanu din Pitesti (Pitesti)
  • Universitatea din Pitesti (Pitesti)
  • Universitatea Petrol si Gaze Ploiesti (Ploiesti)
  • Universitatea "Eftimie Murgu" din Resita (Resita)
  • Universitatea Lucian Blaga din Sibiu (Sibiu)
  • Academia Fortelor Terestre Nicolae Balcescu (Sibiu)
  • Universitatea Stefan Cel Mare din Suceava (Suceava)
  • Universitatea Valahia Targoviste (Targoviste)
  • Universitatea de Arte din Targu Mures (Targu Mures)
  • Universitatea de Medicina, Farmacie, Stiinte si Tehnologie "George Emil Palade" din Targu Mures (Targu Mures)
  • Dimitrie Cantemir University of Targu Mures (Targu Mures)
  • Universitatea Constantin Brancusi Targu Jiu (Targu Jiu)
  • Universitatea de Vest din Timisoara (Timisoara)
  • Universitatea de Medicina si Farmacie Victor Babes Timisoara (Timisoara)
  • Universitatea de Stiinte Agricole si Medicina Veterinara a Banatului Regele Mihai i al Romaniei din Timisoara (Timisoara)
  • Universitatea Politehnica Timisoara (Timisoara)
  • Universitatea Tibiscus din Timisoara (Timisoara)

Mobility opportunities

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